The Taman Peninsula in the Krasnodar Territory has long been the center of winemaking. Even in ancient times, wine trade was carried out from here with other regions of the Black Sea region and present-day Europe.
During the years of Soviet power, already in 1929, the Krasny Boets collective farm appeared here, over time, a modern enterprise, the Yuzhnaya agricultural firm, arose on its basis.
1956 was the date of the founding of another enterprise, the Starotitarovsky plant. Today it is one of the most significant Eastern European and Russian wineries in the wine industry - "Kuban-Vino".
By 2003, both farms merged under the auspices of the Ariant holding, where they still operate today.
Since 2009, the post of production director of Kuban-Vino has been permanently occupied by Vanda Ivanovna Botnar. Her career path from an ordinary worker to the head of an enterprise is worthy of respect.
Since 2006, the fate of Wanda Botnar has been inextricably linked with her work at Kuban-Vino and the village of Starotitarovskaya. Having come here as the head of the shop for the production and bottling of champagne and aged wines, by 2009 she headed the production.
The development of experience and knowledge allowed Vanda Ivanovna to become a member of the central tasting commission of the Krasnodar Territory, the owner of the Eurasian patent "Method of producing sparkling wines."
The location of the Taman Peninsula creates a completely unique geoclimatic region for the south of Russia. Washed by the waves of two seas - the Black and Azov, and the waters of the Kerch Strait, desalinated by many inflowing rivers and streams, it is open to the winds, colds and fogs of the continental plain.
But the seas, with their slow autumn cooling, are at the same time the “hot water bottle” that maintains a temperate continental climate. Up to 60% of all grapes grown in the Krasnodar Territory are harvested in the Temryuk region. As a result, the prolonged autumn warmth reaches the December "pre-winter", the frost-free period increases to 232 days. But in March and even in April, frosts are not uncommon. But severe frosts rarely occur here, the average minimum is kept at around -17 ° C, and the absolute minimum of -28 ° C was noted once in half a century of observations. Winter is not distinguished by an abundance of snow, but it is generous with thaws.
The floodplains and estuaries of the two great rivers, the Don and Kuban, and many mud pseudo-volcanoes among the hills and valleys create a unique landscape. Soils - leached chestnut chernozems, saline-carbonate clays and loams, give rise to wines with a unique mineral tint, which is noted by connoisseurs of fine taste.
There are almost as many sunny days per year here as in Sochi - 108 days.
Small diurnal temperature differences reduce the accumulation of sugars in ripening grapes.
Winds on Taman are sharp, frequent, with a force of up to 20-25 m/s. Somewhere in central Russia they would be considered hurricanes. On average, 32 days a year there are winds with a speed of over 15 m/s.
Winds are useful for grapes, they remove excess moisture, abundant dew, protecting against pathogenic fungal formations. But hurricanes can severely damage the vines during the ripening period. Fortunately, they mostly happen in late autumn and winter.
A small amount of precipitation (420-510 mm, of which 210-267 mm during the growing season) compensates for the close occurrence of groundwater.
All vineyards are uncovered
Over 100 varieties
The profile purpose of the Yuzhnaya agricultural firm is a nursery.
More than a hundred varieties of grapes are grown in its vineyards, about 40% are allotted for industrial crops.
Most classic varieties are Riesling, Chardonnay, Rkatsiteli, Merlot, Saperavi, Cabernet, Sauvignon, Pinot (Gris, Blanc, Noir), and Muscat (Velvet, Floral, White, Amber).
The farm uses a mechanized method of harvesting, for which the agricultural company has a fleet of 16 Gregoire and Newholand brand combines brought from France. One harvester can replace one hundred workers at the grape harvest. All grapes from this collection are used for the medium segment of wines, which later receive the Kuban-Vino trademark.
Premium wines are made only from grapes harvested by hand. They are subsequently assigned the trademark "Chateau-Tamagne".
- 1470 vines/ha
Average planting density of vines
- 3333 vines/ha
- 12,000 ha
The total area of agricultural land on the farm is about
- 7750 ha
The winery received a complete re-equipment, becoming part of the Ariant holding. The production equipment was brought from Italy.
Since then, Enofly consultants have been providing constant consulting support for oenological work.
The total annual production volume is 96 million bottles.
Of these, Kuban-Vino accounts for about 57 million bottles.
French specialists from the Champagne Institute of Oenology, in particular, Jerome Barre, helped to develop and lay the line of sparkling and so-called "still" wines. As a result, the product range is very diverse and includes wines of various price categories for all consumer groups.
The main advantages of TM "Kuban-Vino" is a consistently high quality along with a democratic pricing policy.
This is clearly confirmed by the numerous distinctions (diplomas and medals) received by the Kuban-Vino enterprise annually at prestigious Russian and international specialized competitions. Since 2009, there are over 500 of them.
The farm’s seedling nursery, the largest in Russia (3 million per year), which has been operating since 2017, allows planning an increase in vineyards by another 2,597 hectares in a three-year perspective, as well as the acquisition of agro-industrial assets on the Taman Peninsula in the amount of 2,000 hectares.
In 2015, the winery laid down 19,000 bottles of wine to commemorate the entry into the Crimean Bridge Wine project. The number was not chosen by chance - it is equal to the length of the bridge. Dry wines of Riesling, Müller-Thurgau, Chardonnay varieties with a unique blend were chosen for this action.
Two years later, the series "Angels and Demons" was released, the composition of which is unique. It is interesting in that the wines of red and white varieties are "bred" from the Cabernet (red) variety. The production technology of this sort of white wine has not been previously used in Russian winemaking, the experience gained was recognized by experts as a success.