Winery "Lefkadia" was founded in 2006 in the village of Moldavanskoe, Crimean region in the Krasnodar Territory. His "parent" was a successful Moscow businessman, an ascetic for the development of the wine industry in Russia - Mikhail Ivanovich Nikolaev. Son Mikhail Mikhailovich Nikolaev, a former professional sommelier who worked in New York, today heads the family firm Nikolaev and Sons.
Clusters of the “sunny berry” adorn the coat of arms and the flag of the Crimean region of the Kuban, which lies on the same latitude as the famous French wine region of Bordeaux, for a reason.
The rate in the development of the project was made to create conditions for the production of wines of the highest quality, which will reveal the terroir. The economy was guided by the French experience of classical winemaking, with the support of French winemaker Patrick Leon.
The average soil fertility is compensated by high drainage values, a warm period of more than 8 months, a large number of sunny days a year, and unique diurnal temperature differences.
The variety of layers of clayey, calcareous, sandy and chalk rocks in Lefkadia and the saturation of the soil with iron gives rise to wines with a unique taste. The discovery in the valley of the rarest blue clay (about 40 million years old!), was a real gift to the winemaking of Lefkadia, giving its wines a special charm and refined aroma. Previously, it was found in the only region of the Earth - in Pomerol (France), the place where the most expensive wine in the world, Chateau Petrus, is produced.
Vineyard area 82 ha
23 Grape varieties
Main varieties: Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Riesling, Viognier, Rousanne, Marsanne, Vermentino, Sémillon, Pinot Gris, Shiraz, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon
Two types of landing are used:
1 x 1.5 - 6666 bushes
1 x 2 - 5000 bushes
The yield is uneven, but on average 6-7 tons per hectare or about 40 hl.
Spraying, chasing, cultivation, row-spacing weeding is done mechanically. Preservation of manual pruning, winding, tying vines, harvesting and some other work is a fundamental approach in organizing the winemaking process.
Uncovered vineyards formed according to Guyot's scheme
The oldest vines - 10 years
The youngest vines - 2 years
Bookmark years - 2007, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2015
Planting material for 86 % was purchased from the French nursery Mercier
Since its founding in 2009, the gravity-type winery has been filled with the most modern innovative equipment.
Today, its capacity provides an annual production of 350 thousand bottles of wine.
Oak barrels of 225 liters are brought here from France, from top brands: Taranco, Radu, Francois Frere, who make them from the wood of the best Allier forests. Their use does not exceed 5 years.